Information Literacy

Academic life can be a whirlwind. You are given an assignment that directs you to use only peer-reviewed journal articles with qualitative research, prohibiting Single Case or Pilot studies, with everything properly cited in APA. It can be very frustrating deciphering assignments and establishing your first steps. However, your ability to navigate these academic requirements and meet the needs of your assignment is a specific skillset called information literacy and it is the librarian’s role today to support the development of your information literacy skills.

As individuals, information literacy helps you navigate the world, particularly the wealth of information available on the Internet. Learning to assess the authority of sources (journals, magazines, newspapers, government websites, etc.) allows you to determine whether information being shared online is factual or just “fake news.” These are serious matters; people are not just reading information but acting on it.

As students, you are participating in information literacy through scholarly activities like coursework, discussion questions, and the papers you write for classes. While you build knowledge, skills and competencies specific to your program through these efforts, you are also developing your information literacy skills. Every assignment you complete makes you that much more ‘literate’ in your ability to think critically about information.

At its core, information literacy encourages critical thinking. The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) considers the information literate individual somebody who can gather and assess information, determine how information is produced, valued and disseminated, and participate in the active and ethical creation of new information.

But what does this mean?

Breaking this statement down, there are three distinct ways ACRL recognizes that people interact with information: finding information, using information, and creating information.

Competencies that fall under finding information include consulting the appropriate databases, like ProQuest or Sage, or journals and composing effective queries and modifying them to yield a relevant field of responses.

Competencies that fall under using information include determining which of these results best suit your needs based on successfully evaluating peer review, potential biases, the authority of the creator, and the strengths and weaknesses of the information presented. This is often acted on in work like literature reviews, through which you identify gaps in the literature or research with which your research is in conversation.

Competencies that fall under creating information include taking these sources and using them as the foundation of your academic work, like Discussion Questions and papers, which respond holistically and ethically to the literature while ensuring proper citation of the research which has informed your own through appropriate citation and references.

Yorkville University is always working to produce more resources to support your information literacy development!

For further support or for any questions, please contact Instruction and Academic Support Librarian, Nell Beaudry: [email protected]


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Are You in Crisis?

If you are…
• feeling desperate and hopeless
• worried you might hurt yourself, someone else, or commit suicide
• alone with no one to talk to

Please reach out to a Support Hotline in your region immediately for help.

Support Hotlines

911 – Canada Wide

Emergency responders and the 9-1-1 call centres who dispatch them fall within the jurisdiction of provincial, territorial and municipal governments.

Canada Suicide Prevention Service (CSPS) – 24 Hour Hotline

Crisis Services Canada, enables callers anywhere in Canada to access crisis support by phone, in French or English: toll-free 1-833-456-4566 Available 24/7

First Nations and Inuit Hope for Wellness

24 Hour Hotline: 1-855-242-3310


ConnexOntario 24-hour Helpline: 1-866-531-2600

Good2Talk 24-Hour Hotline: 1-866-925-5454 or Text GOOD2TALKON to 686868


Quebec National Crisis Line – All Ages: 1-866-277-3553


Prince Edward Island Crisis Line – All Ages: 1-800-218-2885


Alberta Crisis Line – All Ages: 1-403-266-4357


Manitoba Crisis Line – All Ages: 1-877-435-7170

New Brunswick

New Brunswick Crisis Line – All Ages: 1-800-667-5005

British Columbia

British Columbia Crisis Line – All Ages: 1-800-784-2433

Here2Talk, 24/7: 1-604-642-5212 (Toll Free: 1-877-857-3397)

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador Line All Ages: 1-888-737-4668

North West Territories

NWT All Ages 24/7: 1-800-661-0844

Nova Scotia

Good2Talk 24-Hour Hotline: 1-833-292-3698 or Text GOOD2TALKNS to 686868


Nunavut Line – All Ages, 24/7: 1-800-265-3333


Saskatchewan Crisis Line – All Ages: 1-306-525-5333


Yukon Crisis Line – All Ages 7pm-3am (PDT): 1-844-533-3030


National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, 24/7: 1-800-273-8255

Trans LifeLine – U.S.A.: 1-877-565-8860

The Trevor Project Lifeline: 1-866-488-7386


SNEHA A Link With Life: 91-44-2464-0050


Beijing – Befrienders: 03-5286-9090

Hong Kong – The Samaritans: 2896-0000

Shanghai – Life Line: 021-6279-8990